Click Here to Visit this article presented by the National Kidney and Urologic Disease Information Clearinghouse for more information on how URR and Kt/V are used to assess dialysis adequacy in general use.

 National Association of Nephrology Technicians/Technologists

Click Here for more information on reducing the risk of cross-contamination linked to hemodialysis treatment. This article is reprinted from the August 2000 issue of the NANT Newsletter. 

FDA Issues Final Guidance on Reuse of Single Use Devices 08/02/2000! Click Here for New Reuse Regulations of SUD’s in Clinics, Units, and Hospitals!


Click Here for more information on Improved Urea Reduction Ratio and Kt/V in Large Hemodialysis Patients using two dialyzers in parallel. Study is provided by the University of Virginia.


Improving Adequacy of Dialysis: Using In-Series Dialyzers

Click Here to View Case Study from the December 1999 issue of the ANNA Journal by Hazel A. Dennison, MSN, RN, CNN, CS.


Click here to view a comparison of dual dialyzers used in 
parallel and series to improve urea clearance in large hemodialysis patients. Study completed by Benjamin A. Fritz, Sheila Doss, Linda M McCann, and Elizabeth M. Wrone


Click Here for Improving URR’s in the Dialysis Unit


Click Here for a study about Hemofiltration and double high flux dialysis: risks and benefits


Click Here for Clinical Use of high-efficiency hemodialysis treatments: long-term assessment